Wilyakali

Wilyakali lies in the east of the state of South Australia, crossing into NSW. It includes the town of Broken Hill. Wilyakali and Danggali both lie east of the Ngadjuri language and north of the upper River Murray languages.

Wilyakali and Danggali are part of the Darling River Language Group or Paakantyi / Paakantji language group. This is a group of closely related languages in South Australia and New South Wales, which can be subdivided into two groups: the “Northern Dialects” and the “Southern Dialects.” Wilyakali and Danggali are both part of the “Southern Dialects.”

Other “Southern Dialects” include Pulaali, Southern Pankantyi, Pantyikali, Wanyuparlku and Marrawarra. Some of these languages have been recorded more than others. Although each language has its own distinguishing features, they are so similar they can be understood by speakers of other languages in this group. Therefore, the following reference list will include Southern Paakantyi references that may be helpful. The language name is noted in square brackets after each reference, when known.

AIATSIS id : D.13

VARIATIONS

Bo-arli, Bulali ('Hill people', ‘bula’ = hill), Wilgalgali, Wilgali, Wiliagali, Wiljagali, Wiljakali, Wiljalgali, Wiljali, Willo, Willoo, Wiloo, Wilya, Wilyakali, Wilyagali (used by AIATSIS), Wilyali (used by AIATSIS).

 DISCLAIMER:  The above map is based upon the Horton Indigenous Map of Australia © Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, 1996. The full map is available on the  AIATSIS  website. The locations of the languages of SA, as stated on the this website are not intended for Land Claim use, and are an approximate guide only. Individual language project locations are based on information from publicly available MILR (ILS) documents.

DISCLAIMER:

The above map is based upon the Horton Indigenous Map of Australia © Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, 1996. The full map is available on the AIATSIS website. The locations of the languages of SA, as stated on the this website are not intended for Land Claim use, and are an approximate guide only. Individual language project locations are based on information from publicly available MILR (ILS) documents.

+ Reference and Source Archive

BECKETT, Jeremy, (1931-). 1964. Songs and dialogue from Wilcannia, NSW in 1964. AIATSIS sound collection. [Archive Tape No.: 00627. Field tape number: 3-4. [Annotation: Songs performed by George Dutton; narrative by George Dutton; dialogue by George Dutton and Dougal MacFarlane in Wiljali; songs performed by George Dutton and Gordon Mitchell; discussion by Dave Harris and Lance Johnson.] [Language: Pantyikali (George Dutton) & Wilyakali (Dougal MacFarlane).]]

CONDON, H. T. (Herbert Thomas). 1955. Aboriginal bird names - South Australia, pt 1 & 2. South Australian Ornithologist 21,6/7: pp74-88; 21,8 pp91-8. [[Annotation: Bird names in Aranda, Pitjantjatjara, Gugada, Antakarinya, Mirning, Wirangu, Yankunytjatjara, Wailbi, Wiljagali, Narangga, Kaurna, Ngadjuri, Bungandidj, Yawarawarga, Potaruwutj, Narrinyeri, Kujani, Yadliyawarra, Parnkala, Warki, Arabana, Dieri, Wangganguru, Ngamini, Nawu, Ngayawung, Nugunu & Ngalea. The wordlists have been taken from various other sources.] [This material is available at the State Library of South Australia and other libraries.]]

DIX, W.J. Lake. 1886. Boolcoomatta. In Curr, E.M. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne. Government Printer: Vol. 2, pp.176-177. VIEW HERE [[Annotation: Approx. 50 words. Recognised by Tindale, but not listed in Oates & Oates.] [This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.] [Language: Wilyakali.]]

ELKIN, A. P. (Adolphus Peter), (1891-1979). 1939. Kinship in South Australia. Oceania.9: pp.41-47. [[This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.] [Language: Wilyakali.]]

ELKIN, A. P. (Adolphus Peter). 1930. Field notes on South Australian tribes, 1930: Notebooks numbered 1-9, 1930. [[Held in Elkin Papers, University of Sydney Archives.] [Language: Wilyakali.]]

GORDON, John. 1968. Transcriptions of songs. Sydney. [Annotation: Recordings by Jeremy Beckett; Drinking Song, Wilcannia Surveyors Song, Rum Song, Boys Initiation Songs Bagundji language, also believed sung by Maljangaba, Bandjagali & Wanjwalgu; Girls Initiation Songs, Bagundji language; Recording Lake Cargelligo, no name language Bagundji, tape no.5.] AIATSIS print collection. []

HAINES, William. 1886. Country about sixty miles north-west from a point on the Darling midway between Menindee and Wilcannia. In Curr, E.M. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne. Government Printer: Vol. 2, pp. 174-175. VIEW HERE [[This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.] [Language: Wilyakali.]]

HERCUS, L. A. (Luise Anna). 1976. Southern Bagandji. In Dixon, R.M.W. -- Grammatical categories in Australian languages [-- Canberra; Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies; Humanities Press; pp.229-231, 350-352 -- Ling. Series 22. ]

HERCUS, L. A. (Luise Anna), (1926-). 1973? The Bagandji language: an outline description of southern Bagandji as once spoken on the lower Darling River with notes on other Bagandji dialects and short texts. [[Annotation: Draft notes for the preface and introduction to ' The Bagandji Language' in Pacific Linguistics Series B - No. 67.]]

HERCUS, L. A. (Luise Anna). 1978. Illustrated Baakantyi dictionary, based on W.H. Douglas Illustrated topical dictionary of the Western Desert language. [Canberra. Added Authors: Johnson, G. & Jones, E.]

HERCUS, L. A. (Luise Anna). 1980. Dialectal differentiation in Bagandji. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 13. Canberra. Pacific Linguistics. Series A-59; pp. 159-166. []

HERCUS, L. A. (Luise Anna). 1982. The Bāgandji language. [Canberra. Pacific Linguistics Series B-67. [This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.][Languages: All Southern Dialects.]]

HERCUS, L.A. (Luise Anna). 1993. Paakantyi dictionary [Paakantyi/English]. [Canberra: L.A. Hercus. "Produced with the assistance of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies." [This material is available at the State Library of South Australia.] [Languages: All Southern Dialects.]]

HERCUS, L.A. (Luise Anna). 1994. Paakantyi. In Macquarie Aboriginal words / general editors Nick Thieberger, William McGregor - Macquarie University, N.S.W.; The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd: pp.41-60. [[This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.] [Languages: All Southern Dialects.]]

JONES, Elsie Rose, (1917-). 1978. Kilampa wura kaani: the galah and the frill neck lizard / told by Elsie Jones: illustrated by Cecil Whyman: [in] Paakantji. Wilcannia, N.S.W.: Schools Commission Project Disadvantaged Country Area Program. [[Language: Southern Paakantyi.]]

JONES, Elsie Rose. 1981. Paakantji alphabet book / by Elsie Jones; illustrated by Mark Quale, Tim Whyman. [Variant title: Paakantji alphabet]. Dubbo: Disadvantaged Country Area Programme, Western Readers Committee. [[Language: Southern Paakantyi.]]

JONES, Elsie Rose. 1982. My body: Yunpurru parnti / illus. by T. Whyman: in Paakantji. Wilcannia, NSW: Wilcannia Central School. [[Language: Southern Paakantyi.]]

JONES, Elsie Rose. 1989. The story of the falling star / told by Elsie Jones. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press. [[Annotation: For children; Paakantji mythology; language content unknown.] Added Authors: Donaldson, Karin,(1943-), Jones, Doug, (1962-), Western Regional Aboriginal Land Council (N.S.W.) [Language: Southern Paakantyi.]]

LEMAY, Phillip Andrew. 1997. Historical sources for Paakantji language. [[Annotation: Compilation of Paakantji languages arranged in chronological order and includes comparative lists which compare information found in E. M. Curr's 'The Australian Race'. 1886.Melbourne: Govt. Printer.] [Closed access - Depositor's permission.] AIATSIS print collection. [Language: All Paa]

TINDALE, Norman. c.1924 - c.1991. ’Place Names: S.E. of S.Australia for Geographical Names Board, Adelaide.’ [[Held in the South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/1/43.] [Filed under Danggali, though no Danggali entries– extent of language content unknown.] [Language: Wilyakali.]]

TINDALE, Norman. 1924 - 1991. ’Vocabularies.’ [[Held in the South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/1/1.] [Language: Wilyakali.]]

WURM, S. A. (Stephen Adolphe), (1922-2001). 1955–1960. Language elicitation and songs from Northern NSW and Southern Qld. AIATSIS sound collection. [Archive Nos.: 02880 – 02895. Field tape number(s): NG4, 1957/1-9, 55A1-4, 60/9-36. [Performer/Speaker: Dougal Macfarlane.][Language: Wilyakali.]]

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