Kaurna

Archival Resources

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  • ABORIGINAL CHILDREN. 1990. Testimony to Gawler. In: Paperbark: a collection of Black Australian writings. Jack Davis et al. eds. St. Lucia, Qld.,University of Queensland Press pp 53-54. [Text and translation of a testimony to Governor Colin George Gawler, 15 May 1841, by nine Aboriginal children.]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1990. What Can (or should) You Do With A Dead Language. [[Unpublished article accepted for publication in VOX, the journal of AACLAME, but not published due to discontinuation of the journal. This paper reports on the language revival program mounted in Adelaide in the local languages - Kaurna, Ngarrindjeri and Narrunga. It addresses policy issues in relation to the funding of language revival programs.]]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1993. Encoding New Concepts in Old Languages: a case study of Kaurna, the language of the Adelaide Plains. Australian Aboriginal Studies No.1: pp.37-47. [[Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1994. Maikoko Birko. Norwood, SA, Omnibus Books. [[Kaurna translation of Tucker's Mob, a children's story written by Christobel Mattingley. Available at the State Library of South Australia and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob, ed. 1995. Warra Kaurna: a resource for Kaurna language programs / cover design by Snooky Varcoe. Adelaide, Inbarendi College. (Also Rev. and expanded 1997; 2nd rev. and expanded ed. Adelaide: Kaurna Warra Pintyandi, 2003.) [[Includes: Notes on spelling and pronunciation by Rob Amery; Kaurna wordlist by Jane Simpson; plus ‘Outlines of a grammar, vocabulary, and phraseology of the Aboriginal language of South Australia, spoken by the natives in and for some distance around Adelaide’ by C.G. Teichelmann, C.W. Schurmann. Available for purchase from Tandanya and Kaurna Plains School, or on loan from the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1995. It’s ours to keep and call our own: reclamation of the Nunga languages in the Adelaide region, South Australia. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 1995; no. 113, p. 63-82. [[Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1995. Making use of Historical Language Materials. In Nick Thieberger, ed. Paper and Talk: A manual for reconstituting materials in Australian indigenous languages from historical sources. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, pp. 147-164. [[Paper presented at the AIATSIS workshop ‘Working with Australian Indigenous Languages that are no longer spoken right through’. March 1993. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1996. Kaurna in Tasmania: a case of mistaken identity. Aboriginal history, Vol. 20, p.24-50. VIEW HERE [This article discusses the discovery of a newly discovered Kaurna wordlist found amongst Tasmanian language materials. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1996. ‘Language Reclamation: the interaction between linguistic and social processes in the restoration of languages no longer spoken.’ Paper given at the Australian Linguistics Society Conference, Canberra, July 1996. []

  • AMERY, Rob. 1996. Language Reclamation and Revival. In David Nathan (ed.) Australia's Indigenous Languages. SSABSA, Wayville. Printed by Wakefield Press, Adelaide, Chapter 9, pp.179-202. [[Available for purchase from SSABSA, or on loan from the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob, ed. 1997. Kaurna language & language ecology: Semester 2 1997 & Summer School readings. Adelaide, S. Aust.: University of Adelaide, Linguistics, Vol. 1. Kaurna sources. Vol. 2. Articles. Reprinted 2003 & 2004. [[This collection of articles contains copies of many of the primary sources and also some secondary source articles about the reclamation of the language. These articles are available online through the University of SA Library for Kaurna community members and students enrolled in the Kaurna language course. Also through http://www.adelaide.edu.au/kwp On lo.an from the Flinders University Library and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1998. Case Study 3.1 (Reclaiming Kaurna: Overcoming Temporal Isolation). In Towards Successful Language Learning in Schools: A Collection of Case Studies, Department of Education Training and Employment, pp.85-90. []

  • AMERY, Rob. 1998. 'Sally and Harry: Insights into early Kaurna contact history'. In Simpson Jane, and Luis Hercus (Eds.), History in Portraits: Biographies of nineteenth century South Australian Aboriginal people, Aboriginal History Monograph 6, Southwood Press, Sydney, pp. 49-87. [This article looks at the first Kaurna wordlist recorded in 1826. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • AMERY, Rob. 1998. Warrabarna Kaurna: reclaiming Aboriginal languages from written historical sources : Kaurna case study. PhD Thesis, University of Adelaide, Dept. of Linguistics, 1998. [Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • AMERY, Rob. 2000. ‘The Role of Kaurna Linguistic and Cultural Heritage in the Reconciliation Movement.’ Paper delivered at the Australian History Association 2000 Conference, University of Adelaide, 5-9 July. []

  • AMERY, Rob. 2002. ‘Weeding out Spurious Etymologies: toponyms on the Adelaide Plains.’ In Hodges, F., Simpson, J. & Hercus, L., eds. The Land is a Map: placenames of Indigenous origin in Australia. Canberra, Pandanus Books in association with Pacific Linguistics. VIEW HERE [Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • AMERY, Rob. 2004. Beyond Their Expectations: Teichelmann and Schürmann’s efforts to preserve the Kaurna language continue to bear fruit. In Veit, Walter F. ed. The Struggle for Souls and Science. Constructing the Fifth Continent: German Missionaries and Scientists in Australia. Alice Springs: Strehlow Research Centre: Occasional Papers, pp.9-28. []

  • AMERY, Rob. 2004. Early Christian Missionaries – Preserving or Destroying Indigenous Languages and Cultures. Essay in Holy Holy Holy exhibition, Flinders University City Gallery, Adelaide, 2004, pp.36-45. [Curator: Vivianne Thwaites.]

  • AMERY, Rob & MÜHLHÄUSLER, Peter. Koeler’s Contribution to Kaurna Linguistics. []

  • AMERY, Rob & RIGNEY, Irabinna- Lester. 2001. Waking up the Sleeping Languages: Language Reclamation and the Formulaic Method. AIATSIS Conference, Canberra. [[Unpublished paper presented at Canberra conference]]

  • AMERY, Rob & SIMPSON, Jane. 1994. Kaurna. In Thieberger, Nick; McGregor, William eds. Macquarie Aboriginal words. Macquarie University, N.S.W.; The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd, 1994; pp.144 -172. [[Kaurna entry based on Teichelmann 1857; Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840.]]

  • AMERY, Rob & VARCOE, Snooky. 0692 Kaurna Sentences. - HyperCard stack of 10 sentences from Teichelmann & Schürmann (1840) The Aboriginal Language of South Australia with added speech. ASEDA [[Electronic Data base]]

  • AMERY, Rob; WATKINS, Cherie & RIGNEY, Lester. 1997. Kaurna language & language ecology: tape transcripts (a series of Kaurna lessons with accompanying tapes) recorded by Rob Amery, Cherie Watkins & Lester Rigney. Adelaide, S. Aust., University of Adelaide, Linguistics, 1997. [[This material is available at the Flinders University Library, without the tapes.]]

  • AMERY, R. & WILLIAMS, G.Y. 2002. ‘Reclaiming Through Renaming: the reinstatement of Kaurna toponyms in Adelaide and the Adelaide Plains.’ In Hodges, F; Simpson, J. & Hercus, L. eds. The Land is a Map: Placenames of Indigenous Origin in Australia. Canberra, Pandanus Books in association with Pacific Linguistics, pp 255-276. VIEW HERE [[Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • AMERY, Rob & GALE, Mary-Anne. 2000. Kaurna Warra Pintyandi. Ngadluko Perko. Kaurna Language Workshop Report. Kaurna Warra Yellakaitya- Developing the Kaurna Language for Contemporary Situations. [Interim Report. Aboriginal Education Unit, Enfield, November 2000. ]

  • ANGAS, George French. 1846. South Australia illustrated. London, Thomas McLean. [[Based on William Cawthorne’s work]]

  • ANGAS, George French. 1847. Savage life and scenes in Australia and New Zealand. London, Smith, Elder. VIEW HERE [[Based on William Cawthorne’s work]]

  • BARRY, Sir Redmond. Ed. 1887. Exposition internationale Melbourne: vocabulaire des dialects des aborigines de Australie, 1886-7. EIM wordlist. Melbourne. [Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann and Cawthorne?]

  • BATES, Daisy. 1919. Typescripts, correspondence. Photographs etc (11 vols.) Folio 6/III/5k, Barr Smith Library, University of Adelaide. VIEW HERE [The Kaurna wordlist is Appendix 1 to GARA, Tom. Ed. 1990. Aboriginal Adelaide, special issue of Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia Vol. 28, 1 p101.]

  • BLACK J.M. 1920. Vocabularies of four South Australian languages, Adelaide, Narrunga, Kukata, and Narrinyeri, with special reference to their speech sounds. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 44, pp. 76-93. VIEW HERE []

  • CAWTHORNE, W.A. 1842-1859. Literarium diarium (journals). Mitchell Library, Sydney. []

  • CAWTHORNE, W.A. 1844. Rough notes on the manners and customs of the natives. MS notes, SA Archives Department. [Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann. 1840 and W. Williams.]

  • CONDON, H. T. (Herbert Thomas). 1955. Aboriginal bird names - South Australia, pt 1 & 2. South Australian ornithologist. 1955; Vol. 21(6/7) pp 74-88; (8) pp 91-8. [Bird names in Aranda, Pitjantjatjara, Gugada, Antakarinya, Mirning, Wirangu, Yankunytjatjara, Wailbi, Wiljagali, Narangga, Kaurna, Ngadjuri, Bungandidj, Yawarawarga, Potaruwutj, Narrinyeri, Kujani, Yadliyawarra, Parnkala, Warki, Arabana, Dieri, Wangganguru, Ngamini, Nawu, Ngayawung, Nugunu & Ngalea.]

  • CURR, E.M. 1886. The Australian Race: Its origin, languages customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. 4 vols. Melbourne: Government Printer. VIEW HERE [[Contains Teichelmann & Schürmann and Wyatt. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • DAY, Thomas. 1902. Memories of the extinct tribe of Cowandilla natives. MS, Tindale collection, South Australian Museum. []

  • DECS. 1997. Warranna Purruna - Pa:mpi Tungarar - Living Languages. Video. Department for Education and Children's Services, South Australia. []

  • DEET. 1995. Alive and Deadly. Reviving and Maintaining Australian Indigenous Languages. Social Change Media, Leichardt. [(A project funded by the Commonwealth Department of Employment Education and Training and produced by Social Change Media.)]

  • DETE. 1998. Reviving languages: Warranna purruttiappendi: Tumbelin tungarar: Renewal and reclamation programs for indigenous languages in schools. Adelaide, Department of Education, Training and Employment. [Available from DETE or at the State Library of South Australia, and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • DIXON, R.M.W. (Robert Malcolm Ward). 1973. Aboriginal vocabularies: south-east Australia: linguistic data extracted by R.M.W. Dixon. MS. [Notes on linguistic data in Robinson’s Journals and Aboriginal vocabularies, giving relevant Victorian and New South Wales languages.]

  • EARL George Windsor. 1838. Vocabulary of the Aborigines of South Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, SA.. 1916 Vol. 16 p105. [Reprinted from the Journal Of Royal Geogr. Society of London, 1839 Vol 9 p158. Word list of 14 entries.]

  • EDUCATION DEPT of SA. 1989. The Kaurna People: Aboriginal people of the Adelaide Plains. Adelaide, Education Department of South Australia. [Aboriginal Studies Curriculum based on Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840; Cawthorne 1844; Wyatt 1879; Browne 1897 etc.]

  • EYRE, E.J. 1845. Journals of Expeditions of Discovery into Central Australia, and overland from Adelaide to King George’s Sound, in the years 1840-1. London, T & W Boone. VIEW HERE [Contains vocabulary from Adelaide based on Moorhouse and Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • FITZPATRICK, P. 1989. Warra Kaurna: a selected wordlist from the language of the Kaurna people of the Adelaide Plains [Kaurna / English]. Adelaide, Dept. of Environment and Planning. [[Based on Gell 1904; Piesse 1840; Stephens 1889; Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840; Wyatt 1879. Has errors.]]

  • FOSTER, Robert. 1991. Sketch of the Aborigines of South Australia: references in the Cawthorne papers. Adelaide, Aboriginal Heritage Branch, SA Department of Environment and Planning. [[Available at the State Library of South Australia.]]

  • GAIMARD, Paul. 1833. Vocabulaire de la langue des habitants de Golfe Saint-Vincent. In Dumont d’Urville, J.S. ed. Voyage de découvertes de l’Austrolabe 1826-1827-1828-1829, vol. 2: Philologie. Paris, Ministère de la Marine, pp 6-8. []

  • GELL, John Philip. 1841-1842. The vocabulary of the Adelaide tribe. Typescript, South Australian Museum, as published in the Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics &c. Vol. 1 (2): pp 109-124. [Appears as 1841 in Tindale’s card file]. [Also in GELL, J.P. (John Philip). 1988. The vocabulary of the Adelaide Tribe. Journal of the anthropological society of South Australia. Vol. 25 (5), pp 3-15. VIEW HERE [Copy held in State Library of South Australia.Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840.]

  • GELL, John Philip. 1904. South Australian Aborigines: the vocabulary of the Adelaide tribe. In Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia, South Australian Branch 61, pp 61-78. (South Australia 7: pp 92-100.) []

  • GREY, George. 1840. A vocabulary of the dialects of South Western Australia. London: T. & W. Boone. [Philology in the library of His Excellency Sir George Grey. South African Public Library, Cape Town] VIEW HERE [Annotation: Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann and others.]

  • GREY, George. 1841. Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 1838 & 1839. Vol.2. London, T. & W. Boone. VIEW HERE [Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann and others.] GROOME, Howard & IRVINE, Jan. 1981. The Kaurna, first people in Adelaide. Largs Bay, S.A., Tjintu books, pp.6-7. [Contains a two-page comic strip in Kaurna. Available in the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • INTERCOLONIAL EXHIBITION OF MELBOURNE. 1867. Vocabulary of dialects spoken by natives of Australia. Melbourne, Masterman. [Adelaide 14] [[Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith Special Collection and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • ITYA MAII. 1845. Letter to Gov. Grey and his wife. In the Grey collection, South African Public Library, Cape Town. [Also in Henderson, George. 1907. Sir George Grey, Pioneer of Empire in Southern Lands. London & New York, J.M. Dent & E.P. Dutton] [Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith Special Collection and other libraries in Adelaide, and Amery 2000.]

  • JACOB, William. 1837-1838. Journal. [[Held in State Library of South Australia. Jacob served on the ‘Rapid’ with Colonel Light.]]

  • JUNG, C.E. 1876. Zur Kenntnis südaustralischer Dialekte. Mitteilung des Vereins für Erdkunde zu Leipzig 4, 68-75. [[Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann.]]

  • KLOSE, Samuel. 1840-1845. Correspondence. [Original MS in German held by Lutheran Archives, Leipzig. Typescript copies and English Translations held by Lutheran Archives, Adelaide. Includes some examples of children’s writing in Kaurna by Pitpauwe, Wailtyi & Kartanya, and 2 hymns by Schürmann and 4 hymns by Teichelmann in a letter to Dresden]

  • KOELER, Hermann. 1842. Einige Notizen über die Eingeboren an der Ostküster des St Vincent Golfs in Süd-Australien 1837 und 1838. In Mahlmann, Wilhelm, ed. Monatsberichte über die Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde. Berlin, pp. 70-72. []

  • LHOTSKY, John. 1839. Some remarks on a short vocabulary of the natives of Van Diemen Land; and also of the Menero Downs in Australia. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London. 9, pp 157-162. VIEW HERE [Based on Earl 1838]

  • MOORHOUSE. Fragment of Journal. In Cawthorne 1842-1859. Literarium diarium (journals). [Held in the Mitchell Library, Sydney.]

  • MOORHOUSE, M. 1840. Protector's Report, 14 January, 1840. In; Report of the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, 1842. British Parliamentary Papers. Papers Relating to Australia 1842-44, Vol. 7 Colonies Australia. [Facsimile edition, 1969, Irish University Press, Shannon, Ireland, pp322-324.]

  • MOORHOUSE, M. 1840-1857. Protector of Aborigines Out Letter Book, May 21, 1840 to Jan. 6 1857. [Held by State Records, Adelaide.]

  • MOORHOUSE, M. 1843. Letter to Sir George Grey sent from Adelaide May 1st, 1843 and replies to Moorhouse's Inquiries from J. Hutt, Governor of Western Australia. [Original held in Sir George Grey's Collection, Auckland Public Library.]

  • PIESSE, Louis. 1840. Letter to the Editor of the Adelaide Guardian dated 18 October 1839. The South Australian Colonist. 1, 19, 296. []

  • NGARRINDJERI, NARRUNGA AND KAURNA LANGUAGES PROJECT. 1990. Narrunga, Kaurna & Ngarrindjeri Songs. (Songbook and tape). Collaborative production by GALE, Kathryn; AGIUS, Josie; AMERY, Rob; SCHULTZ, Chester; NEWTON, Leigh; VARCOE, Nelson & CROTHERS, Chris [[Available for purchase from Kaurna Plains School, and on loan from the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • PARKHOUSE, Thomas Anstey, ed. 1933-1935. Reprints and Papers relating to the autochthones of Australia. Woodville, S.A., Parkhouse. [[Two volume reproduction of John Stephens, William Wyatt, William Williams, Teichelmann & Schürmann and Moorhouse – all taken from elsewhere. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • PORT YOUTH THEATRE WORKSHOP. 1998. Yitpi: fun with feelings. Port Adelaide, S. Aust., Port Youth Theatre Workshop inc. [ [videorecording] [Resource kit including 4 booklets, a 19 minute video and workbook to encourage children to explore emotions and ways of dealing with feelings; incorporates some Kaurna words. Available at the UniSA library and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • RADIO ADELAIDE. 2003 onwards. Kaurna greeting played three times each day. Speaker: Karl Telfer. Station: 101.5 FM. []

  • RIGNEY, Lester-Irabinna. 2001. Building Stronger Communities: Indigenous Australian Rights In Education and Language. Paper presented at the Commission On Human Rights, United Nations, Sub-Commission on the Promotion & Protection of Human Rights, Working Group on Indigenous Populations to review ‘Developments Pertaining To the Promotion and Protection Of Human Rights And Fundamental Freedoms Of Indigenous Peoples.’ Session Nineteen, 25th JULY 2001, Geneva, Switzerland (Invited as apart of ATSIC Delegation). VIEW HERE []

  • RIGNEY, Lester-Irabinna. 2001. The First Perspective of Kaurna Language Revival: Aboriginal Language Recovery toward Intellectual Sovereignty’. Key Note Address, Australasian Universities Language and Literature Association conference, 6-9 February, 2001. []

  • RIGNEY, Lester-Irabinna. 2002. Bread versus Freedom: Treaty and stabilising Indigenous Languages. Keynote Address, National Treaty Conference, National Convention Centre, Canberra, 26-29th August 2002. VIEW HERE [[Includes an introduction in Kaurna.]]

  • RIGNEY, Lester-Irabinna & AMERY, Rob. 2001. Recognition of our Languages: The Right to Name Ourselves and Our Country Towards Indigenous Intellectual Sovereignty. Paper in Indigenous Peoples & Racism Conference Program, Sydney, Australia, 20-22 February 2001. [[Conference of Indigenous Peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States, Indigenous Peoples And Racism, Regional Meeting for the United Nations World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance.]]

  • ROBINSON, George Augustus, 1791-1866. Aboriginal vocabularies: south-east Australia, c. 1839-1847. VIEW HERE [Includes vocabulary of the Adelaide tribes by John Philip Gell, 1842. Papers held in the Mitchell Library, Sydney. A7085(6). Reproduced in AMERY, Rob, 1996. Kaurna in Tasmania: a case of mistaken identity. Aboriginal history, 20 pp 24-50.]

  • SCHMIDT, Wilhelm. 1919. Die Gliederung der Australischen Sprachen: Geographische, bibliographische, linguistische Grundzüge der Erforschung der australishen Sprachen. Wien, Druck und Verlag der Mechittharisten-Buchdruckerel. [[Based on Teichelmann & Schürmann and others. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • SCHULTZ, Chester, VARCOE, Nelson & AMERY Rob (eds). 1999. Kaurna Paltinna: a Kaurna Song Book. Elizabeth, SA, Kaurna Plains School. [[A book and accompanying tape of 25 Kaurna songs produced in collaboration with SCHULTZ, Chester; VARCOE, Nelson; WATKINS, Cherie; AMERY, Rob and students and staff of Kaurna Plains School and Para West Adult Campus of Inbarendi College. Reprinted with CD, January 2004. Available from Kaurna Plains School, or on loan from the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • SCHÜRMANN, Clamor W. 1838-1853. Journals. [Copies of originals in German held by Lutheran Archives Adelaide. English translation held by Anthropology section, South Australian Museum, Adelaide and the Lutheran Archives, Adelaide.]

  • SCHÜRMANN, Clamor W. 1840. Ten Commandments in Kaurna. South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register, 20 May 1840. [Held in the State Library of South Australia.]

  • SCHÜRMANN, Clamor W. 1840. Governor Gawler’s address (Queen’s Birthday May 1840). South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register, 20 May 1840. [Held in the State Library of South Australia.]

  • SCHURMANN, Edwin A. 1987. I'd Rather Dig Potatoes: Clamor Schurmann and the Aborigines of South Australia 1838-1853. Adelaide, Lutheran Publishing House. [Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • SEE, Richard Edward. 1976. Comparison of some Australian languages. Ann Arbor, Michigan. London, University Microfilms International 1976. [[PhD. Thesis - University of California, Los Angeles. Comparison of 9 language based on Curr. Held in the AIATSIS print collection.] ]

  • SENIOR SECONDARY ASSESSMENT BOARD OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 1996. Australia’s Indigenous languages. Wayville, SA, Senior Secondary Assessment Board of South Australia. [[Available from purchase through SSABSA or in loan at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • SSABSA. 1994. Australian Indigenous Languages Framework. 2nd ed. Wayville, S.Aust.: Senior Secondary Assessment Board of South Australia. [[Available from purchase through SSABSA or in loan at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • SSABSA. 1996. Australia's Indigenous languages in practice - a national curriculum project for accreditation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages at Year 11 and 12. Wayville, SA, Senior Secondary Assessment Board of South Australia. [[Includes specific units of work on Place Names and Kaurna Kinship. Available through SSABSA or on loan at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • SIMPSON, Jane Helen. 1985. Analysis of material on Kaurna and annotated bibliography. Burnside, SA, 1985. AIATSIS print collection. []

  • SIMPSON, Jane Helen. 1996. Early language contact varieties in South Australia. Australian Journal of Linguistics. Vol. 16 no. 2 (Sept. 1996), pp 169-207. [[Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • South Australian Aboriginal Education Consultative Committee. 1983. Conference: Nurnti Tindula ‘Now and tomorrow’. Session: Kaurna, language of the Adelaide Plains people. Port Augusta, SA . 31st August - 2nd September, 1983. Pt. Augusta TAFE College. Adelaide, South Australian Aboriginal Education Consultative Committee, 1983. [AIATSIS print collection.]

  • STEPHENS, Edward. 1838. Letter to E.G. Wheeler, Manager, South Australian Co. London, dated 27 October 1838. In Norman B. Tindale (1935b) ‘Notes on the Kaurna or Adelaide Tribe and the natives of Yorke Peninsula and the Middle North of South Australia’. Unpublished journal held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum, Adelaide, 163-4. []

  • STEPHENS, Edward. 1889. 'The Aborigines of Australia: Being Personal Recollections of those Tribes which once inhabited the Adelaide Plains of South Australia', Journal and proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. Sydney, Vol. XXIII, pp. 476-502. [Based on Williams 1840.] [This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • STEPHENS, John. 1839. The land of promise: being an authentic and impartial history of the rise and progress of the new British province of South Australia: including particulars descriptive of its soil, climate, natural productions, &c., and proofs of its superiority to all other British colonies: embracing also a full account of the South Australian Company… by one who is going. London, Smith, Elder & Co. VIEW HERE [Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • TAPLIN, Rev George. 1879. The Folklore, Manners, Customs, and Languages of the South Australian Aborigines. Adelaide, E. Spiller, Acting Government Printer. VIEW HERE [[Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

  • TEICHELMANN & SCHÜRMANN. 1886. Adelaide and its neighbourhood. In Curr, E.M. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne. Government Printer: Vol. 2, pp. 148-151 VIEW HERE [Taken from Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith Special Collection and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • TEICHELMANN, C.G. & SCHÜRMANN, C.W. 1840. Outlines of a grammar, vocabulary, and phraseology of the aboriginal language of South Australia, spoken by the natives in and for some distance around Adelaide. Adelaide, C.G. Teichelmann and C.W. Schürmann. [Facsimile edition published by Tjintu Books, Largs Bay, 1982; and Public Library of South Australia, Adelaide, 1962. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • TEICHELMANN, C.G. 1841. Aboriginals of South Australia: illustrative and explanatory notes of the manners, customs, habits, and superstitions of the natives of South Australia. Adelaide, Committee of the South Australian Wesleyan Methodist Auxiliary Missionary Society. [Footnotes contain Kaurna language.]

  • TEICHELMANN, C.G. 1857. Dictionary of the Adelaide dialect. MS 4vo.pp.99 (with double columns.) No.59, Bleek’s Catalogue of Sir George Grey’s Library dealing with Australian languages, South African Public Library. []

  • TEICHELMANN, C.G. 1858. Of the verb. MS 8vo. Pp.3. No.57, Bleek’s Catalogue of Sir George Grey’s Library dealing with Australian languages, South African Public library. []

  • TEICHELMANN, C.G. 1839-1846. Teichelmann Diary 1839-1846 and Letters from and to him 1838-1853. Original MS in German held by the Lutheran Archives, Leipzig. [Typescript copies of both and English translation of diary held by the Lutheran Archives, Adelaide.]

  • TELFER, Karl. 1997. Wiltarninga Be Strong. In PROCTER, Jo & GALE, Mary-Anne. Eds. Tauondi Speaks from the Heart. By students from Tauondi College. Port Adelaide, Tauondi College, 1997. [Poem in Kaurna and English. Available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]

  • TINDALE, Norman B. c.1931 - c.1991. ‘Vocabularies: Kaurna.’ Held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/1/12 [Several related papers held in the same collection]

  • TINDALE, Norman B. 1935. Notes on the Kaurna or Adelaide Tribe and the natives of Yorke Peninsula and the Middle North of South Australia. Unpublished journal, Held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/1/35. []

  • TINDALE, Norman B. c.1931 - c.1991. ‘Vocabularies: Kaurna.’ Held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/1/12 [[Basically taken from literature sources and may contain analysis of some place names]]

  • TINDALE, Norman B. c.1930 - c.1980. ‘Kaurna, Adelaide Tribe, A-K Native.’ Held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/2/12. [[Based on Williams 1840; Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840; Wyatt 1879; Stephens 1889.]]

  • TINDALE, Norman B. c.1930 - c.1980. ‘Kaurna, Adelaide Tribe, M-Ng Native.’ Held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/2/13. [[Based on Williams 1840; Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840; Wyatt 1879; Stephens 1889.]]

  • TINDALE, Norman B. c.1930 - c.1980. ‘Kaurna, Adelaide Tribe, Ni-To Native.’ Held in the Tindale Collection, South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/2/14. [[Based on Williams 1840; Teichelmann & Schürmann 1840; Wyatt 1879; Stephens 1889.]]